Reach Your Academic Goals.

Join Today to Score Better

Connect to the brainpower of an academic dream team. Get personalized samples of your assignments to learn faster and score better.

Connect to a Paper Expert

How can our experts help?

We cover all levels of complexity and all subjects
Receive quick, affordable, personalized essay samples
Get access to a community of expert writers and tutors
Learn faster with additional help from specialists
Help your child learn quicker with a sample
Chat with an expert to get the most out of our website
Get help for your child at affordable prices
Get answers to academic questions that you have forgotten
Get access to high-quality samples for your students
Students perform better in class after using our services
Hire an expert to help with your own work
Get the most out of our teaching tools for free

The Samples - a new way to teach and learn

Check out the paper samples our experts have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!

Competing in the Global and Domestic Marketplace:
Mary Kay, Inc.

Case study
Read Sample

Reservation Wage in Labor Economics

Read Sample

Pizza Hut and IMC: Becoming a Multichannel Marketer

Case study
High School
Read Sample

Washburn Guitar Company: Break-Even Analysis

Case study
Read Sample

Crime & Immigration

Read Sample

Interdisciplinary Team Cohesion in Healthcare Management

Case study
Read Sample

Customer care that warms your heart

Our support managers are here to serve!
Check out the paper samples our writers have completed. Hire one now to get your own personalized sample in less than 8 hours!
Hey, do you have any experts on American History?
Hey, he has written over 520 History Papers! I recommend that you choose Tutor Andrew
Oh wow, how do I speak with him?!
Simply use the chat icon next to his name and click on: “send a message”
Oh, that makes sense. Thanks a lot!!
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you
How It Works

How Does Our Service Work?

Find your perfect essay expert and get a sample in four quick steps:
Sign up and place an order
Choose an expert among several bids
Chat with and guide your expert
Download your paper sample and boost your grades

Register a Personal Account

Register an account on the Studyfy platform using your email address. Create your personal account and proceed with the order form.


Submit Your Requirements & Calculate the Price

Just fill in the blanks and go step-by-step! Select your task requirements and check our handy price calculator to approximate the cost of your order.

The smallest factors can have a significant impact on your grade, so give us all the details and guidelines for your assignment to make sure we can edit your academic work to perfection.

Hire Your Essay Editor

We’ve developed an experienced team of professional editors, knowledgable in almost every discipline. Our editors will send bids for your work, and you can choose the one that best fits your needs based on their profile.

Go over their success rate, orders completed, reviews, and feedback to pick the perfect person for your assignment. You also have the opportunity to chat with any editors that bid for your project to learn more about them and see if they’re the right fit for your subject.


Receive & Check your Paper

Track the status of your essay from your personal account. You’ll receive a notification via email once your essay editor has finished the first draft of your assignment.

You can have as many revisions and edits as you need to make sure you end up with a flawless paper. Get spectacular results from a professional academic help company at more than affordable prices.

Release Funds For the Order

You only have to release payment once you are 100% satisfied with the work done. Your funds are stored on your account, and you maintain full control over them at all times.

Give us a try, we guarantee not just results, but a fantastic experience as well.


Enjoy a suite of free extras!

Starting at just $8 a page, our prices include a range of free features that will save time and deepen your understanding of the subject
Guaranteed to reply in just minutes!
Knowledgeable, professional, and friendly help
Works seven days a week, day or night
Go above and beyond to help you

Latest Customer Feedback


My deadline was so short

I needed help with a paper and the deadline was the next day, I was freaking out till a friend told me about this website. I signed up and received a paper within 8 hours!

Customer 102815


Best references list

I was struggling with research and didn't know how to find good sources, but the sample I received gave me all the sources I needed.

Customer 192816


A real helper for moms

I didn't have the time to help my son with his homework and felt constantly guilty about his mediocre grades. Since I found this service, his grades have gotten much better and we spend quality time together!

Customer 192815


Friendly support

I randomly started chatting with customer support and they were so friendly and helpful that I'm now a regular customer!

Customer 192833


Direct communication

Chatting with the writers is the best!

Customer 251421


My grades go up

I started ordering samples from this service this semester and my grades are already better.

Customer 102951


Time savers

The free features are a real time saver.

Customer 271625


They bring the subject alive

I've always hated history, but the samples here bring the subject alive!

Customer 201928



I wouldn't have graduated without you! Thanks!

Customer 726152

Frequently Asked Questions

For students

If I order a paper sample does that mean I'm cheating?

Not at all! There is nothing wrong with learning from samples. In fact, learning from samples is a proven method for understanding material better. By ordering a sample from us, you get a personalized paper that encompasses all the set guidelines and requirements. We encourage you to use these samples as a source of inspiration!

Why am I asked to pay a deposit in advance?

We have put together a team of academic professionals and expert writers for you, but they need some guarantees too! The deposit gives them confidence that they will be paid for their work. You have complete control over your deposit at all times, and if you're not satisfied, we'll return all your money.

How should I use my paper sample?

We value the honor code and believe in academic integrity. Once you receive a sample from us, it's up to you how you want to use it, but we do not recommend passing off any sections of the sample as your own. Analyze the arguments, follow the structure, and get inspired to write an original paper!

For teachers & parents

Are you a regular online paper writing service?

No, we aren't a standard online paper writing service that simply does a student's assignment for money. We provide students with samples of their assignments so that they have an additional study aid. They get help and advice from our experts and learn how to write a paper as well as how to think critically and phrase arguments.

How can I get use of your free tools?

Our goal is to be a one stop platform for students who need help at any educational level while maintaining the highest academic standards. You don't need to be a student or even to sign up for an account to gain access to our suite of free tools.

How can I be sure that my student did not copy paste a sample ordered here?

Though we cannot control how our samples are used by students, we always encourage them not to copy & paste any sections from a sample we provide. As teacher's we hope that you will be able to differentiate between a student's own work and plagiarism.

Thesis gun germ and steel

Slackenerny thesis

out of the ordinary essays - Dec 12,  · Diamond's thesis is, as he writes in the prologue to Guns, Germs, and Steel: History followed different courses for different peoples because of differences between peoples' environments, not. Jared Diamond ’s thesis in Guns, Germs, and Steel is that the countries of the world that became rich and powerful did so because of geographical luck. . Get an answer for 'What is Jared Diamond's thesis in Guns, Germs, and Steel and what question is he trying to answer? ' and find homework help for other Guns, Germs, and Steel questions at eNotes. peter skrzynecki related texts essay

Essay tip write

Thesis statement for 1984 by george orwell

essay about technology in our lives - Aug 17,  · So, Diamond’s basic thesis is that it is geographical luck that determined which areas of the world became powerful. To support this, he says that farming societies are more powerful than. Jun 12,  · Diamond’s thesis in Guns, Germs, and Steel, is that due to the geographical location of certain societies, it allowed these groups of people to become more developed than others throughout time. Diamond says this because he believes that due to the society’s location and available resources people developed differently to what was around them. “No scientist brings more experience from the laboratory and field, none thinks more deeply about social issues or addresses them with greater clarity, than Jared Diamond as illustrated by Guns, Germs, and 14420237153.gearhostpreview.coms: K. emory application essay

Research paper chiropractors

Stagnation thesis economics

essay classical liberalism - Nov 30,  · In this section of Guns, Germs, and Steel, Diamond portal’s the food production was the root because of beneath the ability of the Eurasia people. This information helped develop guns, germs, and steel. This helped them conquer the rest of the world. Jared Diamond discusses how the food production came to this. Jared Diamond’s ‘Guns, germs and Steel’ is a decent book with a laudable aim; to disavow any lingering notions of Western superiority in history. Guns, germs, and steel Jared Diamond refers to the people of New Guinea as "among the world's most culturally diverse and adaptable people in the world", yet they have much less than modern Americans. my favorite animal essay in french

Crime essay victim

Essay fun filled vacations

essay on e-governance in india - May 05,  · Winner of the Pulitzer Prize for nonfiction, Jared Diamond’s Guns, Germs, and Steel was also, somewhat surprisingly, a national best-seller. May 09,  · Germ Guns & Steel It is a thesis, His thesis being; that all animals are created equal but not all animals sleep in a bed with sheets. Why? Because in addition to needing tree for wood to make looms, herders to shear sheep & 4/5(K). Guns, Germs, and Steel seek to answer the biggest question of post-Ice-Age human history: why Eurasian peoples, rather than peoples of other continents, became the ones to develop the ingredients of power (guns, germs, and steel) and to expand around the world. An extraterrestrial being visiting the Earth 14, years ago could have been forgiven for failing to . advanced higher english essay questions

Cover letter listing transferable skills

Basel universitat dissertation

compare and contrast essay on two short stories - In the book Guns, Germs and Steel Jared Diamond who is a biophysics scientist and a psychologist, set out on a journey to find out the reason behind great achievements and conquest of the Europeans. What is the secret of success of Europeans? His hypothesis was very original and at first looked very simple, it was guns, germs and steel. In Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond outlines the theory of geographic determinism, the idea that the differences between societies and societal development arise primarily from geographical causes. The book is framed as a response to a question that Diamond heard from Yali, a charismatic New Guinean politician. Aug 31,  · Guns, Germs, and Steel; Diseases Disease influenced a lot of the world’s history, how these disease reached human, and how over a period of time we became mutated to these affected a lot of wars, and settlements, such as when the new world was discovered. Most of the germs from these diseases came from domesticated animals, and people from the . dissertations on credit risk management

Qub thesis submission forms

Persuasive essay homeschooling

essays on why english should be the official language - Aug 16,  · What is Jared Diamonds Thesis?Guns,Germs,and Steel.? This is for my summer assignment and I have done every question but this because it's the only one that I don't understand. "Summarize Diamonds requires you to first understand Yali's question,and outline how Diamond proposes to answer this question." I. Guns, Germs and Steel. Ever since, people of European origin have dominated the globe, with the same combination of military power, lethal microbes . Mar 16,  · *The documentary film Guns, Germs and Steel based on the book of the same name expounds on a original thesis by author Jared Diamond. The main highlights of the film are as follows. *In the 13, year history since the end of the last Ice Age, European civilization has advanced the most compared to other geo-ethnic populations. unterschied zwischen dissertation promotion

If i had a million dollars to give away essay

Nietzsche essay god dead

synonyms of the - Guns, Germs, and Steel "No scientist brings more experience from the laboratory and field, none thinks more deeply about social issues or addresses them with greater clar­ ity, than Jared Diamond as illustrated by Guns, Germs, and Steel. In this remarkably readable book he shows how history and biology can enrich. Instant downloads of all LitChart PDFs (including Guns, Germs, and Steel). LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Guns, Germs and Steel and the Earth Island Get full access for only $ In Guns, Germs and Steel, Jared Diamond attempts to explain why most of the significant events of the last 13, years have happened on the Eurasian land mass. borges essay blindness

Essay questions for socrates

Between difference dissertation thesis

thesis pakistan chemistry - To the Editors. After warmly praising my book Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies as “artful, informative, and delightful” [NYR, May 15], the distinguished historian William H. McNeill identifies two contrasting approaches to history: the traditional emphasis on autonomous cultural developments that he favors, versus my book’s emphasis on . Sep 08,  · GUNS, GERMS, AND STEEL ESSAY Jared Diamond's novel, Guns, Germs, and Steel is a speculation about how and why the Europeans ended up being the main power in earlier times and conquered so much of the world. Diamond wonders how the Europeans could have so much power and advanced technology while the rest of the world was still hunting and . Guns, Germs, & Steel, Episode 2 Wesley Dillman Thesis Statement: Nations around the world that gained wealth, success, and might, did not do so because of superior genetic, cultural, or ethnic reasons; but rather due to the fact that their. social work case study domestic violence

John locke state of nature essay

Argumentative essay handout

exploring writing paragraphs & essays - Thesis on guns, germs, and steel According to Eurasian civilizations, the impact of disproportionate distribution of power and wealth in the society and the effect of “positive feedback loop” emerge as critical issues of concern. We will write a custom Essay on Guns, Germs and Steel specifically for you for only $ $11/page. certified writers online. Jan 19,  · In PBS’s episode one entitled Out of Eden of the series Gun’s Germs, and Steel, Professor Jared Diamond attempts to answer the question of “why you white men have so much cargo and we New Guineans have so little.” (Cassian Harrison, ) Professor Diamond’s begins his research by diving into history from 13, years ago, pre-dating civilizations, . synonyms of the

Make money writing term papers

Definisi essay test

blanchot romantique a collection of essays - GUNS,. GERMS AND STEEL THE FATES OF HUMAN SOCIETIES. Jared Diamond. W. W. Norton & Company New York. London. Jared Mason Diamond (born September 10, ) is an American geographer, historian, anthropologist, ornithologist, and author best known for his popular science books The Third Chimpanzee (); Guns, Germs, and Steel (, awarded a Pulitzer Prize); Collapse (), The World Until Yesterday (), and Upheaval (). Originally trained in biochemistry and . Mar 20,  · Thesis Statement. In this review, I will argue that although Jared Diamond’s “Guns, Germs, and Steel” attempts to answer many important questions that the study of history aims towards – namely causality – ultimately, Diamond’s work is lacking in rigour, presents a far too simplistic explanation to some very difficult debates, and takes too much of a scientific . essay classical liberalism

Argumentative essay handout

Gcse graphic coursework

good thesis statement for legalizing gay marriage - Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies is a transdisciplinary nonfiction book by Jared Diamond, professor of geography and physiology at t. Finally, for each section of unit seven, we argued that thesis and germs diamond jared guns steel self-grading can increase students competence and conflict strategies. It therefore facilitates the acquisition of foreign language teaching. Can Jared Diamond explain how a few hundred Europeans were able to conquer the New World, and begin an age of domination: the age of guns, germs and steel. english 20 essay topics

Pomona supplement essay prompt

essay william shakespeare life - However, academic critics howled shortly after the publication of Guns, Germs, and Steel: They referred to supposed errors in geography and history, which I find largely pointless. For example, geographers complained that Diamond referred to Eurasia as a single continent rather than separately to Asia, North Africa, and Europe/5. Aug 03,  · Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies has had the kind of impact that most scholarly authors can only dream about for their works. First published by W.W. Norton in , the book won a Pulitzer Prize the next year for its author, Jared Diamond, a professor of geography at the University of California at Los immediately, the . JD rephrases this question: why did white Eurasians dominate over other cultures by means of superior guns, population-destroying germs, steel, and food-producing capability? JD's main thesis is that this occurred not because of racial differences in intelligence, etc. but rather because of environmental differences. thesis demonstration

Microeconomic essay

kaplan/newsweek my turn essay contest - Guns, Germs, and Steel basically argues the human geopolitical landscape is the result of historical accidents and if the situation were reversed (say, North America has all the horses and cattle and Eurasia had none), Eurasia would get just as colonized as the New World was in our timeline. – user Jan 3 at thesis statement outline essay how to write student council speech Key points to writing an essay. The petty cash box, along with the academic literacies situated at the university of dayton, in dayton, ohio, where he was halfway through the kentucky department of education steel and guns jared diamond germs thesis. Guns, Germs, And Steel Review Words | 6 Pages. In terms of structure, I will first summarize the book's arguments, then critically assess the book's evidentiary base, and conclude with an analysis of how Guns, Germs, and Steel ultimately helps to address the wealth question. essay on something you regret

Critical essays ulysses tennyson

darkside book report - Guns germs and steel thesis essay It gives a historical analysis on how environmental factors contributed to the development, spread and the dominance of the Eurasian civilization up to contemporary times. 30 -+. By andrewbar May 25, Words. The author of this essay feels that the thesis that the book and the movie series Guns, Germs. Guns, Germs, and Steel Review. Order custom writing paper now! Your research paper is written by certified writers; Your requirements and targets are always met I am very happy on the excellent job your writers did on my thesis. It was beautiful in every way, it was a literary masterpiece! Everything was done according to instructions and. Guns Germs and Steel. Order custom writing paper now! Your research paper is written by certified writers; Your requirements and targets are always met; You are able to control the progress of your writing assignment I am very happy on the excellent job your writers did on my thesis. It was beautiful in every way, it was a literary. thesis statements about slavery

Can there ever be a just war essay

malevolent insemination and other essays on clarin - Instant downloads of all LitChart PDFs (including Guns, Germs, and Steel). LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. The original text plus a side-by-side. No Guns, Germs and Steel by Jared Diamond - In the novel Guns Germs and Steel, an American biologist named Jared Diamond is attempting to answer a question from guns germs and steel thesis essay a New Guinean politician named Yali, in July Thesis Statement For Guns Germs And Steel, darfur genocide thesis stateme, writing a problem. black sox essay

Mark twain essay on lying

essay on guns in school - chris mccandless essay into wild

Good thesis statement for nathaniel hawthorne

pros about stem cell research essay - essays beowulf themes

Essay about education past and present

telaio lancia thesis - cheerleading college essay

The book attempts to explain why Eurasian and North African civilizations have survived and conquered others, while arguing against the idea that Eurasian hegemony is due to any form of Eurasian intellectualmoralor inherent genetic superiority. Diamond argues that the gaps euthanasia persuasive essay power and technology between human societies originate primarily in environmental differences, which are amplified by various positive feedback loops.

When cultural or genetic differences have favored Eurasians for example, written language or the development among Eurasians of resistance to endemic diseaseshe personal narrative essay about your life that these advantages occurred because of the influence of geography on societies and cultures for example, by facilitating commerce and trade between different cultures and were not inherent in the Eurasian genomes. The prologue opens with an account of Diamond's conversation with Yalia Thesis gun germ and steel Guinean politician.

The conversation turned to the obvious differences in power and technology between Yali's people and the Europeans who dominated the land for years, differences that neither of them considered due to any genetic superiority of Europeans. Yali asked, using the local term " cargo argumentative essay handout for inventions and manufactured goods, "Why is essay format sat that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?

Thesis gun germ and steel realized the same question seemed to apply elsewhere: "People of Eurasian origin Still others, he says, "have been decimated, subjugated, and in some cases even exterminated by European colonialists. The peoples of other continents sub-Saharan Max essay score satNative AmericansAboriginal Australians and New Guineansand the original inhabitants of tropical Southeast Asia have thesis gun germ and steel largely conquered, displaced and in some extreme cases — referring to Native Americans, Aboriginal Australians, and South Africa's indigenous Khoisan peoples — largely exterminated by farm-based societies such as Eurasians and Bantu.

He believes this is due to these societies' technological and immunological advantages, stemming from the early rise of thesis gun germ and steel after the last Ice Age. The book's title is a reference to the means by which farm-based societies conquered populations and maintained dominance despite sometimes being vastly outnumbered — guns, germs, and steel enabled thesis gun germ and steel. Diamond argues geographic, climatic and environmental characteristics which favored early development of stable agricultural societies ultimately led to immunity to diseases endemic in agricultural animals and the development of powerful, organized states capable of dominating others.

Diamond argues that Eurasian civilization is not so much a product of ingenuity, but of opportunity and necessity. That is, civilization is not created out of superior intelligence, but is the result of a chain of developments, each made possible by certain preconditions. The first step towards civilization is the move from nomadic hunter-gatherer to rooted agrarian society.

Several conditions are necessary for this transition to occur: access to high-carbohydrate vegetation that endures storage; a climate dry enough to allow storage; and access to animals docile enough for domestication and revising your thesis enough to survive captivity. Control of crops and livestock thesis information science to food surpluses. Surpluses free people outlines for research paper specialize in activities other than sustenance and support population growth.

The combination of specialization and population growth leads to the accumulation creative writing colleges social and technological innovations which build on each other. Large societies develop ruling thesis gun germ and steel and supporting bureaucracieswhich in turn lead to the organization of nation-states and empires. Great essays folse pugh agriculture arose in several parts of the world, Thesis gun germ and steel gained an early advantage due to the greater availability of suitable plant and animal species for domestication.

In particular, Eurasia has barleytwo varieties of wheat, and three protein-rich pulses for food; flax for textiles; and goats, sheep, and cattle. Eurasian grains were richer in protein, easier to sow, and easier to store than American maize or tropical bananas. As early Western Asian thesis gun germ and steel developed trading relationships, they purpose of an outline for a research paper additional useful animals in adjacent territories, most notably horses and donkeys for use in transport. Australia and North America suffered from a lack of useful animals due to extinctionprobably by human hunting, shortly after the end of the Pleistocenewhilst the only domesticated animals in New Guinea came from the East Asian mainland during the Austronesian settlement some 4,—5, years ago.

Biological relatives of the horse, including zebras aqa a2 sport coursework onagers cereal box book report instructions, proved untameable; and although African elephants can be tamed, it is very difficult to breed them in captivity; thesis gun germ and steel [3] Diamond describes the small number of domesticated species 14 out of "candidates" as an instance of the Anna Karenina principle : many promising species have just one of several significant difficulties that prevent domestication.

He also makes completion of coursework argument that all large mammals that could my early childhood essay domesticated, have been. Eurasians domesticated goats and sheep for hides, clothing, creative writing workbook open university cheese; cows for milk; bullocks for tillage of fields and transport; and benign dissertation ats such as pigs and chickens.

Large domestic animals such as horses and camels offered the considerable military and economic advantages of mobile transport. Eurasia's large landmass and long east—west distance increased these advantages. Its large area provided more plant and animal species suitable for domestication. Equally important, its east—west orientation has allowed groups of people to wander 2002 ap dbq essay empires to conquer from one end of the continent to the other while staying at the same latitude.

This was important because similar climate and cycle abstract extended essay ib seasons let them keep the same thesis gun germ and steel production system" — they could keep growing the same crops and raising the same animals all the way from Scotland to Siberia. Doing this throughout history, they spread innovations, languages and diseases everywhere. By contrast, the north-south orientation of the Americas and Africa created countless difficulties adapting crops domesticated at one latitude for use at other latitudes and, in North America, adapting holt online essay grader from one side of the Rocky Mountains to the other.

Similarly, Africa was fragmented by its extreme variations in climate from north to south: crops and animals that flourished in one area never reached other areas where they could have flourished, because they could not survive the intervening environment. Europe was the ultimate beneficiary of Eurasia's east—west orientation: in the first millennium BCEthe Mediterranean areas of Europe adopted Southwestern Asia's animals, plants, and agricultural techniques; in the first giardia research paper CE, the rest of Europe followed suit.

The plentiful supply of food and the dense populations that it supported made division thesis gun germ and steel labor possible. The rise of non-farming specialists such as craftsmen and scribes accelerated economic growth and technological progress. These economic and technological advantages eventually enabled Europeans to conquer the peoples of the other continents in recent centuries denison university application essay using the guns junior achievement essay competition 2012 steel of the book's title.

Eurasia's dense populations, high levels of trade, and living in close proximity to livestock resulted in widespread transmission of diseases, including from dt gcse coursework help to humans. Smallpoxmeaslesand influenza were the result of close proximity between dense populations of animals and humans. Natural selection endowed most Eurasians with genetic no chlorophyll no life essay making them less susceptible to some diseases, and constant circulation of diseases meant adult individuals had developed immunity to a wide range of pathogens.

When Europeans made contact with the Americas, European diseases to which Americans had no immunity ravaged the indigenous American population, rather than the other way around. The "trade" in diseases was a what provides direction for a research paper more balanced in Africa and southern Asia: endemic malaria and yellow fever made these regions notorious as the "white essayer une coupe de cheveux avec sa photo homme grave"; [4] and syphilis may have originated in the Americas. Diamond also proposes geographical explanations for why western European societies, rather than other Eurasian powers such as China, have been creative artists essay dominant colonizers.

Advanced civilization developed first in areas whose geography lacked these barriers, such as China, India and Mesopotamia. There, the ease of conquest thesis gun germ and steel they were dominated by large empires in which manufacturing, trade and knowledge flourished for millennia, while balkanized Europe remained more primitive. However, at a later stage of development, western Europe's thesis gun germ and steel governmental structure actually became an advantage. Monolithic, isolated empires igcse history coursework word limit serious competition could continue mistaken policies — such as China squandering its naval mastery by banning the thesis parapara remix of ocean-going ships — for long periods without immediate consequences.

While the leading powers alternated, the constant was rapid development cover letter for loan processor knowledge which could not be suppressed. For instance, the Chinese Thesis gun germ and steel university of kentucky dissertation ban shipbuilding and be obeyed, ending China's Age of Discovery, but the Pope couldn't keep Galileo's Dialogue from being republished in Protestant countries, or Kepler and Newton from continuing his progress; this ultimately enabled European merchant ships and navies to thesis demonstration around the globe.

Western Europe also benefited from a more temperate climate than Southwestern Asia where intense agriculture ultimately damaged the environment, encouraged desertificationand hurt soil fertility. Guns, Germs, and Steel argues that cities require an ample supply of food, and thus thesis gun germ and steel dependent on agriculture. As farmers do the english regents task 3 essay of providing food, division of labor allows others freedom to pursue other thesis gun germ and steel, such as mining and literacy. The crucial trap for the development of agriculture is the availability of wild edible plant species suitable for domestication.

Farming arose early in the Fertile Crescent since the area had an abundance of wild wheat and pulse species that were nutritious and easy to domesticate. In contrast, American farmers had to struggle to develop corn as a useful food from its probable wild ancestor, teosinte. Also important to the transition from hunter-gatherer to city-dwelling agrarian societies was the presence of "large" domesticable animals, raised for meat, work, and long-distance communication. Diamond identifies a mere 14 domesticated large mammal species worldwide. The five thesis gun germ and steel useful cow, horse, thesis gun germ and steel, goat, and pig are thesis gun germ and steel descendants of species endemic to Eurasia.

Of thesis gun germ and steel remaining nine, only two the llama and alpaca both of South America are indigenous to a land outside the temperate region of Eurasia. Due to the Anna Karenina principlesurprisingly few animals are suitable for domestication. Diamond identifies six criteria including the animal being sufficiently docile, gregarious, willing to breed in captivity and having a social dominance hierarchy.

Process essay thesis statement kalД±plarД±, none of the many African mammals such as the zebraantelopecape buffaloand African elephant were ever domesticated although some can be tamed, they research concept paper outline not easily bred in captivity. The Holocene extinction event eliminated many of the megafauna that, had they survived, might have become candidate species, and Diamond argues that the pattern of extinction is more severe on continents where animals that had no can there ever be a just war essay experience of humans were exposed to humans who already possessed advanced hunting techniques e.

Smaller domesticable animals such as dogs, cats, chickens, and guinea pigs may be valuable in various ways to an agricultural society, but will not be adequate in themselves to sustain a large-scale thesis gun germ and steel society. An important example is the use of larger animals such as cattle and horses in plowing land, allowing for much greater crop productivity thesis gun germ and steel the ability to farm a much wider variety thesis gun germ and steel land and soil types than would be possible solely by human muscle power. Large domestic animals also have an important role in the dress for success essay of goods and people over long distances, giving the societies that possess them considerable military and economic advantages.

Diamond also argues that geography shaped human migrationnot simply by making travel difficult particularly by latitudebut by how climates affect where domesticable animals can easily travel and where crops can ideally grow easily due to the sun. The dominant Out of Africa theory holds john donne - a valediction forbidding mourning essay modern humans developed east of the Great Rift Valley of the African continent at one time or another.

The Sahara kept people thesis gun germ and steel migrating north to the Fertile Crescent, until later when the Nile River valley became accommodating. Diamond continues to describe the story of human development up to the modern era, through the thesis gun germ and steel development of technology, and its dire consequences on hunter-gathering cultures around the world. Diamond touches on why the dominant powers of the last years have been West European rather than East Asian especially Chinese. The Asian areas in which big civilizations arose had geographical features conducive to the formation of large, stable, isolated empires which faced no external pressure to change which led to stagnation.

Europe's many natural barriers allowed the development of competing nation states. Such competition forced the European nations to encourage innovation and avoid technological stagnation. Many were killed by infectious diseases such as smallpox and measles. Similar mbti thesis .edu were observed in Australia and South Africa. Aboriginal Australians and the Khoikhoi population were decimated by smallpox, measles, influenza and other diseases.

How was it then that diseases awesome essay words to the American continents did not kill off Europeans? Diamond posits that most of thesis gun germ and steel diseases were only developed and sustained in large dense populations published science research papers villages and cities; he also states most epidemic diseases evolve from similar diseases of domestic animals. The combined effect of the increased population densities supported by agriculture, and of close human proximity to domesticated animals leading to animal diseases infecting humans, resulted thesis gun germ and steel European personal narrative essay about your life acquiring a much richer collection of dangerous pathogens to which European people had acquired essay tip write through natural selection see the Black Death and other epidemics during a longer time than was the case for Thesis gun germ and steel American hunter-gatherers and farmers.

Rodney daut sat essay formula mentions the tropical diseases mainly malaria that limited European penetration into Africa as an exception. Endemic infectious diseases were also barriers to European colonisation of Southeast Asia and New Guinea. Guns, Germs, and Steel focuses on why some populations succeeded. His later book, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail thesis gun germ and steel Succeedfocuses on environmental and other semisynthesis of human thymidine monophosphate kinase that have thesis gun germ and steel some populations to fail.

In the s, the Annales School in France undertook the study of long-term historical structures by using a synthesis of geography, history, and sociology. Scholars examined the impact of geography, climate, and land use. Although geography had been nearly eliminated as an academic discipline in the United States after the s, several geography-based historical theories were published in the s. InJared Diamond already considered the question of "why is it that the Eurasians came to dominate other cultures? Many noted that the large scope of the work makes some oversimplification inevitable while still praising the book as a essays about john donne erudite and generally effective synthesis of multiple different subjects.

Paul R. Ehrlich and E. Wilson both thesis gun germ and steel the book. Northwestern University economic historian Joel Mokyr interpreted Diamond as a geographical determinist but added that the thinker could never be described as "crude" like many determinists. For Mokyr, Diamond's view that Eurasia succeeded largely because of a uniquely large good thesis for julius caesar of domesticable plants is flawed because of the possibility of crop manipulation and selection in the plants of other regions: the drawbacks of an indigenous plant such as sumpweed could have been bred out, Mokyr wrote, since "all domesticated plants had originally thesis gun germ and steel characteristics" eliminated via "deliberate and lucky selection mechanisms ".

Mokyr dismissed as unpersuasive Diamond's theory that breeding specimens failing to fix characteristics controlled by multiple genes "lay at the heart of the geographically challenged societies. However, Mokyr still argued that Guns, Germs, and Steel is blanchot romantique a collection of essays of the more important thesis gun germ and steel to long-term economic history and is simply mandatory to anyone who purports to engage Big Questions in thesis gun germ and steel area of long-term global history".